Purpose: This study was done to identify attitudes to smoking, beliefs about smoking and factors
influencing nicotine dependence in woman smokers. Methods: Data was collected from 131 women
smokers, who visited a public health center between January and July. 2012. Collected data were
analyzed using the SPSS 18.0 program. Results: Mean score for attitude to smoking was
23.7±3.2, beliefs about smoking, 18.6±2.9, and nicotine dependence, 4.3±2.1. Attitude to smoking
of the woman smokers was significantly different according to marital status, beliefs about smoking
were significantly different according to marital status and being employed. Nicotine dependence
was significantly different according to frequency of alcohol consumption, stress, number of
cigarettes smoked. There was a correlation between attitude to smoking and beliefs about
smoking. Age when starting to smoke, number of cigarettes, and length of time one has smoked
accounted for 31.0% of nicotine dependence. Conclusion: The results indicate that increasing
knowledge and improving attitudes toward smoking as well as training on stress management and
exercise are needed. Also, a distinct mediation should be developed for women smokers.
Especially, in-depth research is needed to identify psycho-social behavior-related variables for the
health promotion of young women smokers.